Black Cotton Soils

These soils are identified in alluvial plains, terraces and undulating plains of Chittur taluk in Palakkad district in patches. The elevation of the area ranges from 100 to 300m above MSL with gentle to moderate slope. These soils are developed on Khondalite suite of rocks traversed by lenticular bands of crystalline limestone and calc-granulites. These soils are very deep, black and calcareous. The texture of the soil ranges from clay loam to clay. They possess high shrink-swell capacity and hence exhibit the characteristic cracking during dry periods. A variety of crops such as coconut, sugarcane, cotton, chilly, pulses and vegetables are grown here.